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Glossary of Trade & Shipping Terms - D:

DDP Delivery Duty Paid.

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DDU Delivery Duty Unpaid.

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Delivery (1) The physical and legal transfer of a shipment from consignor to carrier and from carrier/ transport agent to consignee.
(2) The act of putting property into the legal possession of another, whether involving the actual transfer of the physical control of the object from one to the other or being constructively effected in various other ways.

Delivery Order An order from the consignee, shipper or owner of freight to a terminal operator, carrier or warehouse to deliver freight to another party. On imports, it may also be known as a pier release.

A document which is neither a bill of lading or a waybill but contains an undertaking which
(1) is given under or for the purposes of a contract for the carriage by sea of goods to which the document relates, or of goods which include those goods; and
(2) is an undertaking by the carrier to a person identified in the document to deliver those goods to that person which the document relates.

Delivery orders are capable of transferring contractual rights by way of endorsements, but they are not necessarily documents of title in the sense of being able to pass constructive possession.

Demand Chain Another name for supply chain, with emphasis on the customer or party controlling demand.
Demurrage (1) Compensation (as liquidated damages) for delay in removing cargo from terminal facilities.
(2) A charge assessed for detaining a container, freight car, truck or other vehicle beyond the freetime stipulated for loading or unloading.

DEQ Delivery Ex Quay.

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DES Delivered Ex Ship.

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Detention Costs incurred when a shipper/consignee or his/her agent removes a container from the carrier's origin/destination CY to the shipper/consignee's place of business, and does not return the loaded/empty container to the CY or to another location designated by the carrier within the permitted freetime as stipulated in the applicable tariff.
Differential Amount added or deducted from base rate to create a rate to or from some other point or via another route.
Distribution The full range of activities and planning required to move a product from the production line to the end-user.
Distribution Requirements Planning A system of determining demand for an inventory at distribution centres, consolidating the demand information backwards, and acting as input to the production and material system.

DIT Destination Interchange Terminal.

Facility operated by the ocean carrier or his agent at which containers are interchanged with the delivering motor carrier.

Diversion Charge Fee for diverting cargo from original intended destination port to a new location.
Dock Receipt Receipt given for a shipment received or delivered at a pier or dock. When delivery of a foreign shipment is completed, the dock receipt is exchanged for a bill of lading with the transportation line.
Double Stack Car Rail car capable of carrying two containers stacked on top of each other.
Draft Marine: The depth to which a vessel's deepest point is under water. Rail: A cut of coupled cars. Financial: A signed, written order by one party that instructs another party to pay a third party a specific amount. It can also be called a bill of exchange.
Drawback 99% refund of imported or duty paid materials which are to be re-exported.
Drayage Inland transportation from vendors to the port of shipment, and from discharge port to the point of stripping the ocean container. Drayage is hence undertaken for CY and CFS cargo.
Dry Dock Used to lay up vessels for repair.
Dunnage Material used around cargo to prevent breakage or shifting, normally provided by shipper. Its weight is included in the rating.
Duty Drawback (1) Payment returned for cargo re-exported or trade show material.
(2) A customs refund on re-exported cargo.
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